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Peregrine Falcon Calendar: October 3

October 3, 2018

FKH has tallied 3-digit Peregrine Falcon numbers during every calendar day from September 23 through October 21 for at least one season from 1999-2018. Some calendar days have tallied 3-digit Peregrine counts year after year.

October 3rd is another example. To date, 7 seasons at FKH have tallied 100 or more Peregrines on October 3 – including 2018 (178 – third 3-digit Peregrine count of the season, pushing the 2018 total to 1141).

October 3, 2003: 122 Peregrine Falcons
October 3, 2007: 178 Peregrine Falcons
October 3, 2008: 110 Peregrine Falcons
October 3, 2010: 134 Peregrine Falcons
October 3, 2014: 359 Peregrine Falcons
October 3, 2016: 140 Peregrine Falcons
October 3, 2018: 178 Peregrine Falcons

Photo by Rachel Smith.

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Peregrine Falcon Calendar: October 2

October 2, 2018

FKH has tallied 3-digit Peregrine Falcon numbers during every calendar day from September 23 through October 21 for at least one season from 1999-2018. Some calendar days have tallied 3-digit Peregrine counts year after year.

October 2nd is a great example. To date, 6 seasons at FKH have tallied 100 or more Peregrines on October 2 – including 2018 (113 – second 3-digit Peregrine count of the season).

October 2, 2003: 195 Peregrine Falcons
October 2, 2011: 393 Peregrine Falcons
October 2, 2013: 116 Peregrine Falcons
October 2, 2014: 354 Peregrine Falcons
October 2, 2016: 161 Peregrine Falcons
October 2, 2018: 113 Peregrine Falcons



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Photo by Kerry Ross.

Peregrine Falcon Calendar: October 1

October 1, 2018

FKH has tallied 3-digit Peregrine Falcon numbers during every calendar day from September 23 through October 21 for at least one season from 1999-2018. Some calendar days have tallied 3-digit Peregrine counts year after year.

October 1st is a great example. To date, 9 seasons at FKH have tallied 100 or more Peregrines on October 1 – including 2018 (101 – first 3-digit Peregrine count of the season).

October 1, 2000: 154 Peregrine Falcons
October 1, 2002: 101 Peregrine Falcons
October 1, 2003: 521 Peregrine Falcons
October 1, 2008: 155 Peregrine Falcons
October 1, 2011: 115 Peregrine Falcons
October 1, 2013: 120 Peregrine Falcons
October 1, 2014: 233 Peregrine Falcons
October 1, 2016: 151 Peregrine Falcons
October 1, 2018: 101 Peregrine Falcons



Triple Digit MIKIs!

September 27, 2018

Mississippi Kite photo by Rafael Galvez.

With two early morning Mississippi Kites (A.K.A. MIKIs or “Mickeys”) on Wednesday, we crossed the triple digit threshold to get to 101 on the season. This is already the third highest season total for this species and puts us within arm’s reach of the single season record of 128 from 2014.

Flight shots of migrant Mississippi Kites. Photos by Chris Payne.

Getting 28 more birds to set the record should be no problem with more than a month to go, right? Not necessarily. Kites are known as early-season migrants and historically are hard to come by at FKH later in the season. In fact, from 1999 to 2011, only about six MIKIs were recorded on average in October. Some numbers are working in our advantage though. The past five Octobers (excluding 2017 due to Hurricane Irma) have produced an average of 41 MIKIs, and the highest single-day total of 28 came on September 27th, (today!) 2012. It is impossible to predict how many we will finish with on the season; all we can do is keep our eyes on the skies and find out!

Photos of Mississippi Kites from the FKH deck by Bob Stalnaker.

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Storm Surge: Raptor Style

September 22, 2018

Adult Peregrine Falcon with symmetrical wing molt. Photo by Chris Payne.

It took nearly two weeks but we finally got the weather system that we have been waiting for all season. On Friday afternoon, a thunderstorm rolled in from the north and brought with it two surges of raptors: one as the storm approached and another shortly after it passed through. While the storm did not actually drop any rain on Curry Hammock, it felt as though it were raining birds! Over a period of approximately 30 minutes, we had 2 Turkey Vultures, 2 Ospreys, 4 Northern Harriers, 1 Cooper’s Hawk, 5 Broad-winged Hawks, and an astounding 20 Peregrine Falcons fly directly overhead, practically low enough to touch! After so many consecutive days of sky high birds, this was a welcome event indeed, and one that hopefully becomes a more regular occurrence in the weeks to come.

Peregrine Falcon with unusual wing molt. Photo by Lindsey Duval.

Juvenile Northern Harrier. Photos by Lindsey Duval.

Turkey Vulture. Photo by Chris Payne.

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Steady Flights, Steady Heights!

September 19, 2018

Counters scanning the NW skies. L-R: Lindsey Duval, Chris Payne, Alex Lamoreaux, Luis Gles.

The story of the hawkwatch season so far has been consistency. The winds have remained nearly the same every day, coming from the Southeast or East with few exceptions. As a result the migration has been steady, with the top 5 days ranging between 214 and 293 raptors. The primary flight line of the season to this point has been far to the Northwest and very high up, forcing our counters to put their Leica optics to good use!

One of the many migrant Osprey past FKH this year. Photo by Luis Gles.

Osprey remains the most numerous migrant so far with 884 tallied after 10 days. With a good flight on Tuesday, we could top 1,000 for the season. In second: our famous Peregrine Falcons with 191. They have really picked up over the last four days with a daily high of 48 on Saturday. Merlins have picked up some steam with over half of the season’s total coming by in the last two days alone. Additionally, the first American Kestrel of the season was spotted on Friday. Buteos have begun to appear in the last four days with over 100 Broad-winged Hawks, the first Short-tailed Hawk, and two early Red-shouldered Hawks flying past the lookout.

A juvenile Red-shouldered Hawk at Long Key SP. Photo by Alex Lamoreaux.

Northern Harriers have trickled by in small numbers all season, with most of them being adult males: A.K.A. “Gray Ghosts.” Cooper’s Hawks have been fairly steady so far, but we are still awaiting the first Sharp-shinned Hawk of the season. Kites have been gradually trailing off since a big flight of them on Thursday, but we are still getting good numbers of both species for this point in the season. Hopefully we get some favorable weather soon to spur a big day!

A low-flying Swallow-tailed Kite. Photos by Luis Gles.

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FKH18 – First Week – Highlights!

September 13, 2018

One of many migrant Ospreys past the hawkwatch. Photo by Lindsey Duval.

The 2018 season began a week later than normal due to housing complications from the aftermath of Hurricane Irma, but we have hit the ground running. The first five days of the Hawkwatch have produced 698 raptors of ten different species, with Osprey being the most common by far with 444 flying by.


The unmistakable Swallow-tailed Kite. Photo by Lindsey Duval.

Despite the late start, we have had good numbers of both Mississippi and Swallow-tailed Kites, both known for being early-season migrants. The first Broad-winged Hawk was seen on Tuesday, followed by two more on Wednesday. And of course the most famous bird for the Florida Keys Hawkwatch, the Peregrine Falcon, is off to a great start with 40 migrating past!


A nice Yellow-throated Warbler from Long Key State Park. Photo by Lindsey Duval.

In addition to the Hawkwatch, the transect counts at Long Key State Park have provided some good birding. We have had 12 species of warbler so far including: many Prairie Warblers and Northern Waterthrushes, several Worm-eating Warblers and Yellow-throated Warbler, and a single male Cape May Warbler still in brilliant breeding plumage.


One of the Whimbrels seen from the wrack line at Long Key State Park. Photo by Lindsey Duval.

Park management has been kind enough to grant us special access to stretches of the shoreline that are still being repaired from the hurricane, which has allowed us to find 10 species of shorebirds, including Black-bellied Plovers, Western Sandpipers, a Sanderling, and two Whimbrels. Hopefully a true rarity will show up in the park soon!

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The FKH 2018 T-Shirts Are Available!

September 12, 2018

The Florida Keys Hawkwatch 2018 T-shirt is now available for sale – $35 each. Proceeds go towards continuing the monitoring of bird migration in the Keys. Shirts are available in a broad selection of sizes, silk-screen printed on high-quality, soft, heather-gray crewshirts front and back. Short and long-sleeved available.




Orders are processed through Leica Store Miami. Proceeds go the the Florida Keys Hawkwatch.


The soft, crewneck shirts feature a design featuring the site’s claim-to-fame Peregrine Falcon migration. Short and long sleeves are available.

  • Printed on American Apparel’s 2001
  • Fits as expected
  • 90% Cotton, 10% Polyester
  • Designed, printed and made in the USA.

Fits as expected (Model Kirsten 5’4″ is wearing an XS.) *Binoculars not included. 

Show your support, take a picture with your FKH shirt and tag #fkh2018 and @floridakeyshawkwatch


FKH 2018 Count Team

September 11, 2018

Luis Gles, Chris Payne, Lindsey Duval and Rafael Galvez. Photo by Mark Hedden.

The FKH 2018 Team will be counting daily -rain or shine – from the observation deck at Curry Hammock State Park from 9 am to 4 pm through October 31, 2018. For more information about getting to the site, here is a link to our “Participate” page.


Chris Payne has been birding since childhood, frequenting his local hawkwatch at Allegheny Front in Western PA. Chris was one of our full-season counters during the fall of 2016. During 2017, he was the counter for New Jersey Audubon’s Montclair Hawk Watch. He has worked on point counts to monitor Golden-winged Warblers, worked with horseshoe crabs, conducted surveys for Louisiana Waterthrushes and Cerulean Warblers, and has wide experience ranging from veterinary technician to invasive plant eradication. He is from Berlin, PA.

Lindsey Duval is an avid birder and has a broad-ranging experience in and out of the field. She has worked with Golden-cheeked Warblers in Texas, monitoring nests and conducting point counts to target banded birds. She has worked with Common Yellowthroats, including mist-netting and territorial experiments during nesting season. Lindsey has performed point counts for Pennsylvania’s Breeding Bird Atlas, banded birds with the Purple Martin Conservation Association and surveyed for American Woodcocks. She has joined us from Saratoga Springs, NY.

Luis Eduardo Gles is a Colombian naturalist and is a familiar member of South Florida’s birding community. He has dedicated much time in recent years as a volunteer at the Cape Florida Banding Station on Biscayne Bay. He is a founding member of Valley of the Colors, an organization focused on developing ecotourism in Colombia and Florida, and coordinating with bird tracking agencies. Luis is bilingual and will be instructive in connecting with our Spanish-speaking visitors.

Fall Migration Counters Wanted

August 14, 2018

The Florida Keys 2018 migration monitoring season will run from September 7 through October 31. We are still looking for full-time, part-time and volunteer counters.

Contact if you are interested.